Tuesday, March 12, 2013

I should connect to a java program on localhost jvm using JMX. In other words I want to develop a JMX client to config a java program on localhost.
  • Don't recommend using JConsole! JConsole is not suitable because it is general JMX client and have negative effect on main program performance.
  • Samples on oracle site use RMIConnector and host:port params but I don't know: where should set jmx port?
  • JConsole have an option to connect to java processes by PID. But I don't find any method in JMX api that have PID as input param.
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Both main program and jmx client are stand-alone programs (Java SE). – mjafari Apr 5 '11 at 14:02

3 Answers

up vote15down voteaccepted
We use something like the following to programatically connect to our JMX servers. You should run your server with something like the following arguments:
To bind to a particular address you'll need to add the following VM arguments:
Then you can connect to your server using JMX client code like the following:
String host = "localhost";  // or some A.B.C.D
int port = 1234;
String url = "service:jmx:rmi:///jndi/rmi://" + host + ":" + port + "/jmxrmi";
JMXServiceURL serviceUrl = new JMXServiceURL(url);
JMXConnector jmxConnector = JMXConnectorFactory.connect(serviceUrl, null);
try {
   MBeanServerConnection mbeanConn = jmxConnector.getMBeanServerConnection();
   // now query to get the beans or whatever
   Set<ObjectName> beanSet = mbeanConn.queryNames(null, null);
} finally {
We also have code that can programatically publish itself to a particular port outside of the VM arguments but that's more fu than you need I think.

In terms of connecting "by pid", you need to be using Java6 to do it from Java land as far as I know. I've not used the following code but it seems to work.
List<VirtualMachineDescriptor> vms = VirtualMachine.list();
for (VirtualMachineDescriptor desc : vms) {
    VirtualMachine vm;
    try {
        vm = VirtualMachine.attach(desc);
    } catch (AttachNotSupportedException e) {
    Properties props = vm.getAgentProperties();
    String connectorAddress =
    if (connectorAddress == null) {
    JMXServiceURL url = new JMXServiceURL(connectorAddress);
    JMXConnector connector = JMXConnectorFactory.connect(url);
    try {
        MBeanServerConnection mbeanConn = connector.getMBeanServerConnection();
        Set<ObjectName> beanSet = mbeanConn.queryNames(null, null);
    } finally {

I've also published my new SimpleJMX package which makes it easy to start a JMX server and publish beans to remote clients.
// create a new server listening on port 8000
JmxServer jmxServer = new JmxServer(8000);
// start our server
// register our lookupCache object defined below
// stop our server
It does have a client interface as well but right now it doesn't have any mechanisms to find processes by PID -- only host/port combinations are supported (6/2012).

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