Monday, December 23, 2013

Java Atomic Operations – AtomicInteger Example

Atomic operations are performed in a single unit of task without interference from other operations. Atomic operations are necessity in multi-threaded environment to avoid data inconsistency.
Let’s create a simple multi-threaded program where every thread increments the shared count variable 4 times. So if there are two threads, after they finish count value should be 8.
JavaAtomic.java
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
package com.journaldev.concurrency;
 
 
public class JavaAtomic {
 
    public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
 
        ProcessingThread pt = new ProcessingThread();
        Thread t1 = new Thread(pt, "t1");
        t1.start();
        Thread t2 = new Thread(pt, "t2");
        t2.start();
        t1.join();
        t2.join();
        System.out.println("Processing count=" + pt.getCount());
    }
 
}
 
 
class ProcessingThread implements Runnable {
    private int count;
 
 
    @Override
    public void run() {
        for (int i = 1; i < 5; i++) {
            processSomething(i);
            count++;
        }
    }
 
 
    public int getCount() {
        return this.count;
    }
 
 
    private void processSomething(int i) {
        // processing some job
        try {
            Thread.sleep(i * 1000);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
 
}
If you will run above program, you will notice that count value varies between 5,6,7,8. The reason is because count++ is not an atomic operation. So by the time one threads read it’s value and increment it by one, other thread has read the older value leading to wrong result.
To solve this issue, we will have to make sure that increment operation on count is atomic, we can do that using Synchronization but Java 5 java.util.concurrent.atomic provides wrapper classes for int and long that can be used to achieve this atomically without usage of Synchronization.
Here is the updated program that will always output count value as 8 because AtomicIntegerincrementAndGet() atomically increments the current value by one.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
package com.journaldev.concurrency;
 
import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicInteger;
 
 
public class JavaAtomic {
 
    public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
 
        ProcessingThread pt = new ProcessingThread();
        Thread t1 = new Thread(pt, "t1");
        t1.start();
        Thread t2 = new Thread(pt, "t2");
        t2.start();
        t1.join();
        t2.join();
        System.out.println("Processing count=" + pt.getCount());
    }
 
}
 
 
class ProcessingThread implements Runnable {
    private AtomicInteger count = new AtomicInteger();
 
 
    @Override
    public void run() {
        for (int i = 1; i < 5; i++) {
            processSomething(i);
            count.incrementAndGet();
        }
    }
 
 
    public int getCount() {
        return this.count.get();
    }
 
 
    private void processSomething(int i) {
        // processing some job
        try {
            Thread.sleep(i * 1000);
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
 
}
Benefits of using Atomic Concurrency classes is that we don’t need to worry about synchronization at each and every place we are dealing with integers and it’s assumed to be more efficient that synchronization which involves locking resources.

5 comments:

oakleyses said...

louis vuitton handbags, oakley sunglasses, louboutin, longchamp outlet, nike shoes, louis vuitton outlet stores, chanel handbags, burberry outlet, prada outlet, jordan shoes, tiffany and co, michael kors outlet, tory burch outlet, louis vuitton outlet, longchamp handbags, nike free, true religion jeans, michael kors outlet, kate spade outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet, tiffany and co, prada handbags, polo ralph lauren outlet, michael kors outlet, michael kors outlet, longchamp handbags, oakley sunglasses, ray ban sunglasses, kate spade handbags, burberry outlet, louis vuitton outlet, louboutin outlet, louboutin, coach factory outlet, air max, air max, coach outlet, gucci outlet, christian louboutin shoes, michael kors outlet, coach purses, ray ban sunglasses, michael kors outlet, louis vuitton, coach outlet store online, true religion jeans, oakley sunglasses cheap

oakleyses said...

ralph lauren, lululemon, air max, hollister, north face, nike air max, polo lacoste, vanessa bruno, timberland, vans pas cher, louboutin, louis vuitton, oakley pas cher, air max pas cher, nike roshe run, air max, true religion outlet, barbour, sac longchamp, air force, hollister, sac louis vuitton, nike free, polo ralph lauren, nike trainers, louis vuitton uk, nike roshe, sac hermes, longchamp, michael kors, sac burberry, sac guess, mulberry, new balance pas cher, converse pas cher, sac louis vuitton, hogan outlet, nike tn, north face, true religion outlet, ray ban pas cher, michael kors, air jordan, nike blazer, nike free pas cher, michael kors pas cher, abercrombie and fitch, ray ban sunglasses

oakleyses said...

mac cosmetics, mont blanc, marc jacobs, canada goose outlet, nike huarache, vans shoes, soccer jerseys, hollister, giuseppe zanotti, beats by dre, abercrombie and fitch, longchamp, insanity workout, celine handbags, bottega veneta, ghd, nfl jerseys, north face outlet, chi flat iron, ugg boots, birkin bag, ugg australia, canada goose, herve leger, ugg pas cher, rolex watches, valentino shoes, canada goose uk, canada goose, ferragamo shoes, canada goose, ugg boots, uggs outlet, north face jackets, soccer shoes, asics running shoes, new balance shoes, p90x, lululemon outlet, canada goose jackets, mcm handbags, instyler, babyliss pro, ugg, wedding dresses, jimmy choo outlet, reebok outlet, nike roshe run

oakleyses said...

parajumpers, karen millen, air max, converse, pandora charms, moncler, louboutin, moncler, links of london, lancel, juicy couture outlet, oakley, hollister, pandora charms, supra shoes, thomas sabo, canada goose, gucci, wedding dresses, timberland boots, swarovski crystal, air max, coach outlet store online, moncler, ray ban, canada goose, moncler, ugg, louis vuitton, swarovski, hollister, montre homme, moncler, hollister clothing store, ralph lauren, rolex watches, moncler outlet, moncler, iphone 6 cases, baseball bats, juicy couture outlet, toms shoes, vans, pandora jewelry, ugg, converse shoes

Anna said...

Great and Useful Article.

Online Java Course

Java Online Training

Java Course Online

Best Recommended books for Spring framework

Java Interview Questions












Java Training Institutes in Chennai

Java Training in Chennai

J2EE Training in Chennai

java j2ee training institutes in chennai

Java Course in Chennai